Climate change, a growing demand for energy, and depleting fossil energy sources are emerging as a challenge for society. To solve these problems, traditional approaches to structuring and managing the energy system are no longer adequate. Particularly, every part of the energy supply system – from generation and transport to consumption – must be optimized such that efficiency is increased, renewable energies are brought forward and greenhouse gas emissions are reduced.
In particular, the need for a reshaping of the energy system gives rise to new tasks that can only be solved by digital communication and computer integration. The gradual decentralization of power generation, for example, increases the complexity of energy systems and leads to many technical and organizational issues. As a consequence, this requires a transition from grids with unidirectional energy flow to networks with two-way power traffic and dispersed power feed-in.
In close cooperation with major industrial partners, members of the KIT focus COMMputation are addressing these challenges of a future smart energy system within several research projects: